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AWRA 2018 Annual Water Resources Conference 
November 4-8, 2018
Marriott Inner Harbor at Camden Yards, Baltimore, MD

(The Presenter is in BOLD type immediately following the paper title. Co-authors are listed in parentheses.)

The AWRA Conferences App will be available in August! Use the App to view the abstracts for these sessions, create your conference schedule and connect with other attendees.

Wednesday / Nov. 7 / 8:30 AM – 10:00 AM
Concurrent Sessions 31, 32, 33, 34, 35

SESSION 31 / Stadium 1:
Decision Support Systems for Water Management
Moderator:  Zhonglong Zhang,
USACE Environmental Laboratory-LimnoTech, Woodland, CA

  1. Development of an Integrated Hec-Ras - Riparian Vegetation Simulation Modeling System to Support for Ecosystem Management and Restoration - Zhonglong Zhang, USACE Environmental Laboratory - LimnoTech, Woodland, CA
  2. Study the Past if You Should Divine the Future (Confucius): Channel Migration Zone Mapping in Montana - Alice Stanley, Montana DNRC-CARDD, Helena, MT
  3. An App for Conservation Scenario Definition, Evaluation, and Prioritization for Louisiana within The Nature Conservancy’s Freshwater Network - Michele Eddy, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC (co-authors - B. Piazza, B. Lord, S. Kovach, D. Harlan)
  4. Development of Prototypes to Evaluate Software Platforms for a Decision Support System - Alimatou Seck, ICPRB, Rockville, MD (co-authors - C.Schultz, S.Ahmad, Z.Smith)

SESSION 32  /  Stadium 2:
More Restoration vs More Protection:  Is there a Magic Balance for Healthy Watersheds?
Moderator:  Paul Freedman,
LimnoTech, Inc., Ann Arbor, MI

  1. Thresholds Can Guide Retention of Forest Cover for Maintaining Water Quality - Abigail Weinberg, Open Space Institute, NY, NY (co-authors – J. Morse, PhD Student, J. Nicole Welch)
  2. An Ounce of Prevention is Worth a Pound of Cure, but We Still Treat the Sick Patient - Amanda Bassow, National Fish & Wildlife Foundation, Washington, DC
  3. Monitoring and Measurement of Water Quality Outcomes in the Delaware River Watershed Initiative - Matthew Ehrhart, Stroud Water Research Center, Avondale, PA
  4. Land Conservation Crediting in the Chesapeake Bay TMDL:  Are You a Believer, Agnostic or Atheist? - Roy Hoagland, Virginia Environmental Endowment, Richmond, VA
  5. More Restoration vs More Protection-Financial Considerations Three Examples - Patrick Coady, Seale & Associates, Arlington, VA

SESSION 33  /  Stadium 4:
Stormwater Issues and Solutions - Part 2
Moderator:  Matthew Jones,
Hazen and Sawyer, Raleigh, NC

  1. Off-Site Mitigation Guidance Manual for Small MS4s in Massachusetts - Laura Gardner, Center for Watershed Protection, Ellicott City, MD (co-authors - E. Zagrobelny, J. Fox)
  2. Realizing Stormwater Improvements Through Area-Wide Tracking of Retrofit Opportunities and Constraints - Matthew Jones, Hazen and Sawyer, Raleigh, NC (co-author - A. Eason)
  3. Ditch the Field Forms: Mobile Data Collection Options and Benefits - Rebecca Winer-Skonovd, Brown and Caldwell, Beltsville, MD (co-author - Jaime Parson)
  4. Using Policy and Historic Conflict to Inform Research Agenda: Infill Development and Stormwater Harvesting - Ryan Gilliom, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (co-authors - A. C. Kroepsch, T.S. Hogue, J.E. McCray)

SESSION 34  /  Stadium 3:
Engaging your Public in Water Planning Part 1
Claire Bleser,
District Administrator, Riley Purgatory Bluff Creek Watershed District, Chanhassan, MN
Leslie Yetka, Director of Programs, Freshwater Society, St. Paul, MN

Citizen involvement in local water resources management and decision-making has evolved over the past few decades, moving from general ‘raising awareness’ about policies, projects, and programs, to inclusion of perspectives in data collection and planning, to citizen participation as the norm in making decisions. We now find ourselves at a time where many citizens want to play a larger role in helping to identify local water management challenges as well as solutions to the complex issues communities are trying to address. And often, local government needs them to be a part of the process (whether acknowledged or not). Public input for planning and decision-making has a number of benefits, including improved quality of information generated through collaborative input, enhanced legitimacy of decisions made by increasing local buy-in, and increased capacity of those involved to understand issues and move solutions forward. It can be a powerful tool to build community capacity and create buy-in when initiating change.

The facilitators will introduce participants to the benefits and best practices for engaging your public in water planning, including tools, strategies, and lessons learned.  A case study of the Riley-Purgatory-Bluff Creek Watershed public engagement for a ten-year Comprehensive Water Management Plan update will be used as a backdrop to demonstrate important steps in developing and implementing a public engagement plan. These include:  a) the invitation, or how you get people to the table, b) how you engage them in a meaningful way, and keep them engaged, c) interpreting information gathered using feedback loops and qualitative data analysis, d) strategy development, and e) continuing the conversation beyond the formal planning effort. From design to implementation to analysis, participants will leave with concrete steps and tools to use in their own water planning, increasing the chance that planning efforts won’t end up on a shelf.

  1. Providing context: introducing a Public Engagement Plan
  2. Planning your engagement: identify your need, purpose, principles, and people to determine the structure of your engagement efforts through a design process
  3. Knowing your audience: complete a stakeholder analysis to guide your engagement efforts
  4. Getting people to show up: craft the invitation and reaching your audience

SESSION 35  /  Stadium 5:
Water Quality Management and Planning
Moderator:  Eric Fitch,
Marietta College, Marietta, OH

  1. Slow Buildup and Fast Backsliding: Historical Challenges of Protecting and Restoring Water Quality in Central Appalachia - Eric Fitch, Marietta College - Environmental Science, Marietta, OH
  2. Water Quality Trends in the New Jersey Pinelands - Marilyn Sobel, Pinelands Commission, New Lisbon, NJ (co-author – J. Bunnell)
  3. Using Satellites to Predict Water Quality Changes - W. Joshua Weiss, Hazen and Sawyer, P.C., Baltimore, MD (co-authors – D. West, K. Hoffman, L. Wang)
  4. Optimal Combination of Restoration Strategies to Reach Lake Okeechobee Phosphorus Target: A Heuristic Assessment - Yogesh Khare, Everglades Foundation, Miami, FL (co-authors - M. Naja, A. Stainback)
  5. Stream Monitoring for Water Quality Effects of Road Salt Application - Deborah Kratzer, NJDEP, Trenton, NJ (co-authors - F. Klapinski, K. Zolea, C. Kunz, J. Krug, H. Pang, K. Axt)

Wednesday / Nov. 7 / 10:30 AM – 12:00 Noon
Concurrent Sessions 36, 37, 38, 39, 40

SESSION 36  /  Stadium 1:
Improving Water Resources Decision Support Using Satellite-based Earth Observations and Hydrologic Data Assimilation Systems
Moderator:  Michael Jasinski,
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD

  1. NASA ICESat-2 for Coastal and Surface Water Applications - Sabrina Delgado Arias, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. - NASA GSFC, Rockville, MD (co-authors - H. Gao, R. Paiva, C. Parrish, G. Schumann, K. Tseng, T. Neumann, M. Jasinski, M. Brown, V. Escobar)
  2. Societal Benefits of the GRACE and GRACE-FO Satellite Missions - Margaret Srinivasan, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Caltech, Pasadena, CA (co-authors - J. Reager, M. Jasinski)
  3. Water Applications Using the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) - David Mocko, SAIC at NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD (co-authors - C. Peters-Lidard, S. Kumar, Y. Xia)
  4. NCA-LDAS: A Satellite Data Assimilation System for Assessing Hydrologic Trends Across the Continental U.S. - Michael Jasinski, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (co-authors - S. Kumar, J. Borak, D. Mocko, M. Rodell)

SESSION 37 / Stadium 2:
Can NGOs Drive Progress While Government Takes a Backseat? The Case of the Delaware River Watershed Initiative
Moderator:  Jamie Bartolino,
William Penn Foundation, Philadelphia, PA

  1. The Wider View: The Roles of Government and NGOs in Large-Scale Watershed Programs - Paul Freedman, LimnoTech, Inc., Ann Arbor, MI (co-author – E. Wilson)
  2. Strategic Conservation for a River Basin Under Threat: What is Needed, What Can We Achieve? - Nathan Boon, William Penn Foundation, Philadelphia, PA
  3. NGO Leadership in the Delaware River Watershed - Edward Wilson, Wilson Consulting, Hellam, PA
  4. Complementing DRWI actions with Watershed-Wide Advocacy and Organizing - Sandra Meola, Coalition for the Delaware River Watershed, Trenton, NJ

SESSION 38  /  Stadium 4:
Stormwater Issues and Solutions - Part 3
Moderator:  Gregory Hoffmann,
Center for Watershed Protection, Ellicott City, MD

  1. New Code and Ordinance Worksheet (COW) Encourages Green Infrastructure in MS4s - Laura Gardner, Center for Watershed Protection, Ellicott City, MD (co-authors - K. Cappiella, N. Law, E. Zagrobelny)
  2. Runoff Reduction Revisited - Greg Hoffmann, Center for Watershed Protection, Ellicott City, MD (co-author - D. Hirschman)
  3. Simulate City-wide Stormwater Runoff and Water Quality with an Integrated Modeling Framework - Tan Zi, Tetra Tech Inc., Fairfax, VA(co-authors - S. Bai,  S. Zhao, K. Mahmood)

SESSION 39  /  Stadium 3:
Engaging your Public in Water Planning Part 2
Claire Bleser,
District Administrator, Riley Purgatory Bluff Creek Watershed District, Chanhassan, MN
Leslie Yetka, Director of Programs, Freshwater Society, St. Paul, MN

A continuation of Session 34 which will provide the following:

  1. Effective engagement practices: learn about innovative techniques that engage everyone
  2. Interpreting results and strategy development: use qualitative data analysis techniques and strategy mapping to identify and prioritize strategies for moving forward
  3. Fulfilling your commitment to your audience: use feedback loops for transparency and buy-in
  4. Sharing your story: keep your community engaged

Session 40  /  Stadium 5:
PANEL: We Know People Care About Water, But How to Turn Interest into Action –Lessons Learned?
Moderator:  Carol Collier,
The Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA

Sarah Clarke, Senior Associate, Institute for Conservation Leadership, Takoma Park, MD
Jaclyn Rhoads, Asst. Ex. Dir., Pinelands Preservation Alliance, Southhampton, NJ
Jeanne Ortiz, Mgr. Landscape Conservation, Audubon Pennsylvania, Audubon, P

When people think about the Delaware River Watershed Initiative (DRWI), it is mostly about capital on-the-ground projects – restoration and protection.  But, there is a whole other side.  If the goal is to improve water quality in the Delaware Basin watersheds, we need to do more than build stream-side projects.  We need to change the way people view their local streams with a resulting change in how they treat their lands.  Water science is an important base, but it is people who make the decisions.  How do we influence local citizens and officials? This session will focus on what it takes to get municipal and county officials, streambank land owners and water users to have that “aha” moment and realize the environmental, social and economic benefits of protecting/enhancing their local water resource.  The panelists will discuss short case studies and ways to build that necessary trust and understanding, with ample time for audience participation and discussion.
Some stumbling blocks, pathways and approaches to discuss:

  • Who to approach
  • Difficulty in getting municipal attention
  • Building sense of community
  • Sense of Place matters 
  • In it for the long haul
  • Finding funding
  • Matching the needs of nature with the needs of the community
  • Finding the local champion
  • State policy and advocacy

Wednesday / Nov. 7 / 1:30 PM – 3:00 PM

Concurrent Sessions 41, 42, 43, 44, 45

SESSION 41 / Stadium 1:
Visualizing Watersheds 
Moderator:  Bruce Lytle,
Lytle Water Solutions, LLC, Highlands Ranch, CO

  1. Water Data-Sharing and Design With You in Mind: Interoperability and the "Use Case" Framework for Data Provision - Sara Larsen, Western States Water Council, Murray, UT (co-authors - C. Hansen, A. Abdallah, G. Darling, J. Helly)
  2. 3D GIS and Water Visualization Tool - Caitlin Willoughby, Booz Allen Hamilton, Boston, MA (co-authors - L. Ducey, R. Pinkham)
  3. The Digital Anacostia: A Watershed Approach Building on Partnerships and Technology - Matt Ries, DC Water, Washington, DC
  4. Utilizing the Arts to Improve Our Watersheds - Emily Rice, District Department of Energy and Environment, Washington, DC and Judy Estey, Dance Place, Washington, DC 

SESSION 42 / Stadium 2:
Delaware River - Part 1
Moderator:  Stefanie Kroll,
Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA

  1. The Next Chapter in the Story of Restoring Clean Water to the Delaware River Estuary - Namsoo Suk, Delaware River Basin Commission, West Trenton, NJ (co-author - S. Tambini)
  2. The Delaware River: Wild, Scenic and Managed - Amy Shallcross, Delaware River Basin Commission, West Trenton, NJ
  3. Consumptive Use Replacement Program for Power Facilities in the Delaware River Basin - Chad Pindar, Delaware River Basin Commission, Trenton, NJ (co-author - K. Najjar)
  4. DRBC Water Demand Management: Benefits of Promoting Best Practices - Kenneth Najjar, Delaware River Basin Commission, West Trenton, NJ (co-authors - C. Pindar, D. Rowland)

SESSION 43  /  Stadium 4:
Twenty years of Insights into Urban Water Quality from the Baltimore Ecosystem Study Long-Term Ecological Research Project - Part 1
Moderator:  Jonathan Duncan,
Penn State University, University Park, PA

  1. Applying the Watershed Approach to Urban Ecosystems - Peter Groffman, CUNY, New York, NY (co-authors - L. Band, K.Belt, E. Doheny, J. Duncan, S. Kaushal, E. Rosi, C. Welty)
  2. Fifteen Years of Weekly Data from the Baltimore Ecosystem Study Reveal Elevated and Increasing Major Ion Concentrations in Urban Streams to be an Under-recognized Water Quality Issue - Joel Moore, Towson University, Towson, MD (co-authors - D. Bird, P. Groffman)
  3. The Effects of Gray and Green Infrastructure on Long-Term Surface-Water Quality Trends in the Gwynns Falls Watershed, Baltimore, Maryland - Emily Majcher, U.S. Geological Survey, Baltimore, MD (co-authors - E. Woytowitz, A.J. Reisinger, P.M. Groffman)
  4. Analysis of Nitrate Loads in Urban Watersheds Using High-frequency Sensor Data - Jon Duncan, Penn State University, University Park, PA (co-author - C. Welty)

SESSION 44  /  Stadium 3:
Stakeholder Engagement in Water Resources
Moderator:  Lara Fowler,
Penn State University, University Park, PA

  1. Serious Games: Engaging Stakeholders and Leveraging Public Knowledge - A. Michael Sheer, HydroLogics, Inc., Columbia, MD
  2. A Prototype Serious Gaming Tool, Bow River Sim for Integrated Water Resources Management - Khaled Akhtar, Alberta Environment and Parks, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (co-authors - P. Grover , T. Tang , G. Magnusson , Q. Brander, B. Waddington, M. Desbiens)
  3. Ethnographically-informed Integrated Water Resource Planning - Mike Antos, Santa Ana Watershed Project Authority, Riverside, CA (co-author - E. Brooks)
  4. Water for/from Agriculture: The Need for Effective Community and Stakeholder Engagement - Lara Fowler, Penn State University, University Park, PA (co-authors - K. Brasier,  M. Burbach,  C. Williams)

SESSION 45  /  Stadium 5:
Climate Change Impacts
Moderator:  Bill Battaglin,
U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO

  1. Drought Resilience and Climate Change Analysis: Moving from a Top-down to Bottom-up Approach in the UK - Chris Counsell, HR Wallingford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, Gret Britain (co-authors - A. McBride, J. Simm)
  2. Effect of Climate Change on Future Water Resources for an Arid Region - Syed Ahmed, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan (co-authors - A. Syed, S. Abdullah, M. Lakhani)
  3. Urban Stream Temperatures in the Recent California Extreme Drought - Iris Stewart-Frey, Santa Clara University, San Jose, CA

Wednesday / Nov. 7 / 3:30 PM – 5:00 PM
Concurrent Sessions 46, 47, 48, 49, 50

SESSION 46  /  Stadium 1:
USGS 3-D Elevation Program
Moderator:  Stephen Aichele
, U.S. Geological Survey, New Cumberland, PA

  1. Developing a National Terrain Model and 3D National Hydrography Dataset - Stephen Aichele, U.S. Geological Survey, New Cumberland, PA
  2. Bottom Hat Test Derivation of Hydrography from Lidar Data in the Raritan River Basin, New Jersey - Roger Barlow, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA (co-authors - S. Cauller, K Watson)
  3. USGS Elevation-Hydrography Pilot Study - Sue Hoegberg, Dewberry, Fairfax, VA (co-author - J. Novac)
  4. Creating an Urban NHD: Using LiDAR to Support the Integration of Overland and Subsurface Flow for Washington DC - Mischa Hey, Quantum Spatial, Corvallis, OR (co-authors - G. Onyullo, Y Tsuei, A. Brenner, C. Power, R. Barlow)

SESSION 47  /  Stadium 2:
Delaware River - Part 2
Moderator:  Amy Shallcross,
Delaware River Basin Commission, West Trenton, NJ

  1. An Open-Source Solution for Using Environmental Sensors to Monitor Water Quality with Real-Time Data Access - David Arscott, Stroud Water Research Center, Avondale, PA (co-authors - S. Hicks, S. Ensign, D. Bressler, S. Damiano, T. Muenz, A. Aufdenkampe, J. Horsburgh)
  2. The Impact of Future Climate Variability on the Hydrology of the Delaware River Basin - Timothy Hawkins, Shippensburg University, Shippensburg, PA
  3. Impact of Changing Climate and Land Cover on Floods in the Delaware River Basin - Christopher Woltemade, Shippensburg University, Shippensburg, PA
  4. Connecting Baseline Conditions to Potential Recovery of Biotic Communities Due to Restoration Through the Delaware River Watershed Initiative - Stefanie Kroll, Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA (co-authors - J.K. Jackson, M.J. O’Donnell, A.D. Minerovic)

SESSION 48  /  Stadium 4:
Twenty Years of Insights into Urban Water Quality from the Baltimore Ecosystem Study Long-Term Ecological Research Project - Part 2
Moderator:  Jonathan Duncan
, Penn State University, University Park, PA

  1. Stormwater Ecohydrology and GSI Design within the Urban Watershed Continuum - Kenneth Belt, Ecohydrological Visions, Cockeysville, MD (co-author - S. Kaushal)
  2. Adapting Ecohydrologic Models Developed for Forest Watershed Ecosystem Analysis to Develop and Test Design Concepts for Urban Stormwater Management and Restoration - Lawrence Band, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (co-authors - L. Lin, L. Leonard, J. Duncan, P. Groffman)
  3. Freshwater Salinization Syndrome - Urban Evolution Across Time and Space - Sujay Kaushal, University of Maryland, College Park, MD (co-authors - K. Belt, T. Doody, S. Duan, S. Haq, G. Likens, P. Mayer, M. Pace, K. Wood)
  4. Urban Soils and Their Importance to Hydrology and Water Quality - Richard Pouyat, U.S. Forest Service, Washington DC

SESSION 49  /  Stadium 5:
PANEL: Navigating the Confines of Water Law in the Eastern United States 
Moderator:  Lara Fowler,
Penn State University, University Park, PA

Roger Sims,
Holland &Knight, LLP, Orlando, FL
Matthew Draper, Draper LLC, New York, NY
Pamela Bush, Delaware River Basin Commission, West Trenton, NJ and Jason Oyler, Susquehanna River Basin Commission, Harrisburg, PA 
Robert Caccese, Penn State University, University Park, PA
The perception of water availability in the eastern U.S. is one of sufficient precipitation and overall abundance. However, pressure on water resources in this region—both surface and groundwater—has been increasing with rising populations and increased urbanization, new uses, depreciating infrastructure, water quality impacts, uncertainty from a changing climate with more droughts and more floods, and recognition of the need for instream flows. The legal frameworks that guide water allocation within individual eastern states generally stem from historical periods that may poorly match expected pressure on the water system, with different systems for surface water, groundwater, and allocation between states.   In some places, states and Commissions have taken a proactive approach to balance management needs. In this panel discussion: • Lara Fowler will serve as moderator and help set the stage for the discussion through a brief introduction of laws; • Roger Sims will highlight how the Central Florida Water Initiative provided a blueprint for local jurisdictions within states to improve regulation and management of shared watersheds;  • Matthew Draper will talk about how climate change disrupts natural water conditions, and how modern understandings of hydrology incorporating models and modern sensing technology can aid the creation of modern interstate compacts; • Pam Bush and Jason Oyler of the Delaware and Susquehanna River Basin Commissions, respectively, will discuss how both Commissions have used compacts to regulate water on an interstate scale, managing shifting values, stakeholder needs, and evolving flood and drought risks. Challenges remain for both in reviewing water withdrawals, protecting aquifers and local watersheds, and downstream users in complex interstate river systems; and • Bob Caccese will detail why developing instream (environmental) flow targets and policies for rivers and lakes is of vital importance to maintain ecological integrity and biodiversity.  Join this panel to learn more about common perceptions of water abundance in the eastern United States, how this perception is being challenged, where water law is being successfully adapted for current water resource conditions, and how ecological considerations are being incorporated into future regulatory development to balance human and environmental needs. We will have plenty of time for audience participation.

SESSION 50  /  Stadium 3:
Moderator:  Edwin Paulson,
Stantec  Consulting Services, Inc., Denver, CO

  1. Mattawoman Creek Mitigation Site - Angela Pelle, Princeton Hydro, Annapolis, MD (co-author - M. Paist-Goldman)
  2. Recognizing Water, Wet+land, and Land Interconnections in Protecting the Great Salt Lake - Joanna Endter-Wada, Utah State University, Logan, UT (co-author - K. Kettenring)
  3. Evaluating the Efficacy of Natural Coastal Systems for Flood Defense in the Chesapeake Bay - Kelly Leo, The Nature Conservancy, Easton, MD (co-authors - A. Sutton-Grier, C. Ferreira, M. Canick, A. Rezaie, N. Carlozo, J. Garzon, T. Miesse,  J. Fehrer)
  4. Hydrodynamic Simulation of Green River Reconnection with Bottomland Wetlands for Recovery of Endangered Fish - Brian Caruso, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Lakewood, CO (co-authors – B. Newman, T. Econopouly)